How to determine the version of PowerShell that is installed?

You can see the version of the PowerShell Engine by using the $PSVersionTable.PSVersion table. If you run Get-Help about_Automatic_Variables and read the contents of the $PSVersionTable you will get the following information:

$PsVersionTable
Contains a read-only hash table that displays details about the version of Windows PowerShell that is running in the current session. The table includes the following items:
CLRVersion: The version of the common language runtime (CLR)
BuildVersion: The build number of the current version
PSVersion: The Windows PowerShell version number
WSManStackVersion: The version number of the WS-Management stack
PSCompatibleVersions: Versions of Windows PowerShell that are compatible with the current version
SerializationVersion: The version of the serialization method
PSRemotingProtocolVersion: The version of the Windows PowerShell remote management protocol

In-place upgrade Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard to Enterprise without Media

If you need to upgrade a server running Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard to either the Enterprise, or Datacenter editions you can use the installation image and choose the Upgrade option or the new command-line utility, introduced in Windows Server 2008 R2, DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management). With DSIM it is possible to perform the upgrade online, without the need to reinstall Windows or have the installation image. 

 To perform the upgrade in-place online, without the media image, first open an elevated command prompt (run as administrator) on the server to be upgraded. 

Type the command DISM /Online /Get-CurrentEdition. This will display the current Windows version. 
   

Type the command DISM /Online /Get-TargetEditions to list the Windows editions to which this server can be upgraded. 
 

Type the command DISM /Online /Set-Edition: <TargetEdition> (replace <TargetEdition> with the syntax for the desired edition returned by Get-TargetEditions). 

If you receive a message (Error 87) indicating that you need to specify a product key you can include it with the /ProductKey: parameter 

If you receive a message (Error 50) indicating that Setting an Edition is not supported then the machine may be a Domain Controller (DC) and it must be demoted before performing an online upgrade. You do not need to demote it if you are using the installation image. 
  

As always, be certain that you back up all of your settings and data prior to performing the upgrade.

Installing Windows 2012 Server in Hyper V

In order to become familiar with Windows Server 2012 and ensure application compatibility I decided to install Windows Server 2012 within a Hyper V machine. Virtual Machines are wonderful. The ability to create, snapshot, and restore “machines” without having to having all this hardware is wonderful.

I downloaded the Windows Server 2012 ISO from MSDN and attached it to DVD Drive media of a newly created virtual machine. I booted the machine and started down the road of a Windows Server installation.

Windows Server 2012 Installation Screen

The process started ok, however once I started the installation I received a driver error:

"A media driver your computer needs is missing. This could be a DVD, USB, or Hard disk driver. If you have a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive with the driver on it, please insert it now."

Windows Server 2012 Installation Error

I reviewed all of the settings, hardware configurations and even verified that Windows Server 2012 runs within Hyper V. Everything checked out and I started the install again and received the same error. Needless to say it was a bit frustrating. The physical server is only 5 months old and I have installed several other test servers, from ISO files, running in Hyper V without an issue. I was pretty comfortable with the hardware configurations and even verified the ISO file was valid.

After several failed attempts to load the server from the ISO file I decided to burn the ISO to a DVD. I then loaded the DVD into the server and attached the physical DVD drive media to the virtual machine. This time the installation process started and finished without an issue.

It seems that the installation was not able to process/cache the full tree of files and using a physical disk did the trick.

Where are the macros in Excel 2010?

If you have used the default installation of Microsoft Excel 2010 you might have noticed that the macros commands do not appear to be readily accessible.  To access Macro options from the Ribbon you must customize the ribbon to display the Developer tab.

From the menu choose: File Options Customize Ribbon and place a check adjacent to the Developer option.

Show Desktop in my QuickLaunch Toolbar?

It was there before; now it's not.

Where is it?

How do I get it back?

Where is the Show Desktop shortcut on my Quick Launch toolbar?

The Quick Launch toolbar is a great place to place shortcuts to frequently used applications. One of my must have shortcuts, is the Show Desktop shortcut. This shortcut quickly minimizes all open applications leaving a clear view of the desktop. The Show Desktop shortcut is generally available by default in the Quick Launch toolbar, however, what if it gets removed or it is no longer there?

Adding the Show Desktop shortcut back is easier than you think.

1. Open Notepad and enter the following text:
[Shell]
Command=2
IconFile=explorer.exe,3
[Taskbar]
Command=ToggleDesktop

2. Save the file in the Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch folder that is found in your profile's Application Data directory.



3. Save the file as: Show Desktop.scf




Now it is back again!!

Reading Stuff

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